Many guitarists consider amp attenuators to be an essential part of their playing set-up, especially those using valve or tube amps. The attenuator goes in between the power and the speaker sections of your amplifier, converting a portion of the energy into heat rather than sound. As opposed to just turning down the volume, which can make your sound thin or weak, an attenuator lets you get the full sound of your amp without blowing out your eardrums every time you practice.
A good attenuator will not alter your tone when it’s installed correctly, but just like with any piece of gear, choosing the right model is important to maintaining your overall sound. The most important thing is to look for a model that can handle the power your amp puts out. If you’ll be using it for multiple amps, get one that can handle the amp with the highest power rating; using a higher-powered attenuator with a lower-powered amp won’t cause any sound distortion, but using an attenuator that can’t handle your amp’s power could cause damage to both pieces of equipment.
Below are our recommendations for the 4 best amp attenuators on the market:
With the PB-1, KLD offers a studio quality attenuator for about half the price of the big-name studio brands. The design is simple and intuitive, featuring two knobs. The Attenuation knob gives you five settings, from true bypass up to 7.2 decibels of attenuation, making it perfect for fine-tuning your sound on the stage. The level knob, meanwhile, is great for the practice room or studio and uses a rheostat to give you up to 30 decibels of attenuation. The aluminum alloy casing disperses heat better than most resistance load attenuators and it can work with speakers at any impedance rating, and while the appearance is more utilitarian than some more costly models, the sound quality and durability of the PB-1 make it an exceptional value.
The RockCrusher works with even the most powerful amplifiers without distortion. By using a reactive instead of resistive load, the RockCrusher maintains the impedance relationship between the speaker and the amplifier. Not only does this give you a better tone at every dynamic, it prevents damage to both the amp and the speaker. The RockCrusher also gives you lots of options for adjusting your tone and volume. The attenuation switch has six settings in 4 decibel increments and it’s got two EQ switches (Edge and Warm) that can brighten or darken your tone until it’s perfect for your ears. This should belong on anyone’s list of the best amp attenuator.
Weber MicroMass Attenuator
Weber is a trusted name in guitar equipment, and the MicroMass stays true to their standard of quality. Use the Lows-Mids knob to control the master volume, then tweak the treble with the Mids-Highs knob to either brighten or warm up your tone. It’s compatible with amps between 4 and 16 ohms and gives you complete control down to -50 decibels attenuation. The MicroMass uses a speaker motor for the load, giving the attenuator more interaction with the amp’s output circuit and making the load more realistic. This minimizes tone loss at all levels of attenuation, making the MicroMass one of the most transparent attenuators on the market.
Jet City Amplification Jettenuator
The Jettenuator is a bit pricey, but if you’re looking for the most versatile attenuator on this list, it’s your best answer. The main thing that makes it so versatile is the fact that it offers multiple impedances. You can use it with amps rated for 4, 8, or 16 ohms, with an equally powerful and high-quality sound output for each.
It also has a continuous attenuation control, giving you complete control over your volume, and a dedicated level control on the line-level output as well. This makes it just as valuable in the studio as it is on the stage, since it can be hooked in to other effects or tone processors. It also has a balanced XLR output that simulates a microphone placed in front of your speaker. This means you’ll get a consistent sound in both live and recording contexts. This is an excellent choice for sound engineers who work with a variety of performers and equipment, or the performing musician who wants a single attenuator they can use with every amp in their arsenal. It’s arguably the best amp attenuator for the money.
Installing Your Attenuator
How you install your attenuator will depend on what kind of amplifier you’re using. If you have a combo amp, you want to put the attenuator between the speaker and the amp’s speaker out. You can do this by unplugging the speaker from the amp then running a speaker cable from the amp speaker output to the attenuator’s input. Plug the speaker into the speaker output of the attenuator (not the “line out”) and you’re good to go. Use as little cabling as you can to make these connections; the shorter the cable, the lower the signal loss will be.
If you’re using a piggyback arrangement with an amp head on top of the cabinet, you’ll want to plug the amp head into the input of the attenuator, then plug the cable from the attenuator’s output port into the cabinet. Again, make sure you’re in the output and not the “line out” port, and use the shortest cable you can.
If you’re putting your attenuator on a rack with other pedals, you should also use care in where you place it. Even models with excellent heat dispersion will get warmer than your typical pedal, so it’s best to put the attenuator in the top position of the rack to keep the heat coming off of it from damaging your other equipment. If it’s not possible to put it on top, leave an empty space above it to allow it room to vent.
You may have heard horror stories about attenuators causing resistor failures in amplifiers. While this does happen, it’s completely preventable if you understand the dynamics at work inside your equipment. Just because your amp sounds softer when you’re using an attenuator doesn’t mean it isn’t putting off the same power. The whole point of an attenuator is to be able to get the sound of your amp at full power.
Most tube amps sound best when they’re going full force, but working them that hard consistently does cause the tubes to wear out faster. If you play your amp at full power on a regular basis, you’ll probably need to replace the tubes about once a year, though the exact time can vary depending on your particular set-up.
Generally, it’s a good idea to replace them when you start hearing a change in the sound quality—typically this will start with a less articulated and muddier bass response. Replacing the tubes when they start to wear out will prevent the kind of catastrophic blow-out that causes damage to the rest of your amp.
Well, we hope you’ve found the best amp attenuator for your needs and a few helpful tips to boot. Good luck!